Characteristics of the Ten Commandments, part 1 (Exodus 20)

Chuck CainOn Sunday, April 12, 2015 the adult Sunday School lesson focused on Exodus 20 and various characteristics of the Ten Commandments. Five of twelve topics were covered this week.

First, various preliminary items were covered such as the term “Decalogue” or “ten words.”

Second, the preamble and historical prologue in verse 2 was reviewed. This led to the third topic comprising the question as to whether Israel’s deliverance from bondage in Egypt was replaced by a new bondage under the law. But the law brought not a new bondage but a new freedom, the “law of liberty” (James 1:25). Several examples of this new freedom were provided. In particular, the liberation of negative commands was described as a fourth topic. One particular example highlighted was the command to Adam and Eve not to eat of the one tree. This “shall not” command included the freedom to eat of all other trees. If the command had been to eat only of one tree it would have been much more restrictive.

Finally, a discussion proceeded regarding the fact that laws always reflect the character of the lawgiver. Each of the Ten Commandments were discussed along with how each reflects certain attributes of God. — Chuck Cain

Listen to “Characteristics of the Ten Commandments, part 1″ (Exodus 20) at mcopc.org.

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